Dividing by 5

**Division** means breaking a number into smaller, equal groups.

In the last lesson, you learned how to divide numbers by 4.

Now, let’s learn how to divide numbers by 5. 😎

👉 There are **3 ways **to divide by 5:

1. Division by **grouping**.

2. Division by **repeated subtraction.**

3. Division by **multiplication. **(the fastest way)

You can use any of these methods! 🤗

👉 Let's look at an example.

15 ÷5= ?

To divide a number by 5 using grouping, just split it into 5 equal groups. The number in each group is the answer.

Let's try!

✅ Here, we need to **split the number 15 into 5 equal groups.**

So, what answer did you get?

Very good! 👌 **3.**

15 ÷5=3

To divide a number by 5 using repeated subtraction, **subtract 5 from it over and over again, till you reach 0.** The **number of subtractions is the answer **to the division problem.

Let's try this method too! 😃

15 ÷5= ?

✅ Let's start at 15 and subtract 5 over and over again.

How many times did you subtract? 🤓

Very good! 👍 **3 times.**

So,

15 ÷5=3

Nice job! 👏

Turn any division problem into a **related **multiplication problem in your head quickly!

If you see **15 ÷ 5 = ? **, think about it's whole-part diagram:

Can you write a multiplication equation for this same diagram?

Yes!

5 x ? = 15

Do you know what number times 5 equals 15?

Great job! It's 3.

So you learned that 15 ÷ 5 = 3.

**Multiplication and division are opposites **of each other. Once you know multiplication, you also know your division!

👉 Let's try another equation.

45 ÷5= ?

First, let's find the answer using grouping.

What answer did you get?

Great work! 👍 **9.**

45 ÷5=9

Now, let's find the answer using **repeated subtraction.**

What answer did you get this time?

Correct! **9** again.

45 ÷5=9

Awesome!

To figure out **45 ÷ 5 = ?**, think about it's related multiplication equation:

5 x ? = 45

The answer to both equations is the same, because multiplication and division are opposites! 😺

Do you know what number times 5 equals 45? That's right, 9!

So you know that 45 ÷ 5 = 9!

Below is a list of division facts with a divisor of 5.

It might help to memorize these!

5 ÷ 5 = 1

10 ÷ 5 = 2

15 ÷ 5 = 3

20 ÷ 5 = 4

25 ÷ 5 = 5

30 ÷ 5 = 6

35 ÷ 5 = 7

40 ÷ 5 = 8

45 ÷ 5 = 9

50 ÷ 5 = 10

Great job! Now, you know how basic division facts with a divisor of 5!

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